Artikel zum Thema Südamerika in der Wikipedia. snap-n-trac.com Südamerika ist mit einer Fläche von km² der viertgrößte Kontinent der. Südamerika ist der südliche Teil des amerikanischen Doppelkontinentes, hat eine Bevölkerungszahl von Millionen Menschen und ist mit einer Fläche von. Aber um frei zu sein, muss man leben. Hüten wir das Leben!“ Karte von Mittel- und Südamerika (Wikipedia / Deutschlandradio) Mittel- und.
SüdamerikaArtikel zum Thema Südamerika in der Wikipedia. snap-n-trac.com Südamerika ist mit einer Fläche von km² der viertgrößte Kontinent der. Datenschutz · Über Wikivoyage · Kontakt und Impressum · Nutzungsbedingungen · Klassische Ansicht. Am Südende des Kontinents findet man auch subpolares Klima, vor allem in Feuerland und auf den Falklandinseln. Kommunizieren[Bearbeiten]. In Südamerika.
Südamerika Wikipedia Navigation menu VideoKirchenlied: Psalm 32 - Wolfgang Blissenbach \u0026 das REVA-Chor Ensemble (Radio-Evangeliums-Chor)
Zu Einzelheiten siehe Physische Geographie Südamerikas. Die pazifische Seite Südamerikas ist durch einen aktiven Kontinentalrand in Form einer Subduktionszone geprägt, die atlantische Kontinentalseite ist plattentektonisch passiv.
Die Beckenstrukturen der Stromebenen sind durch tertiäre und quartäre Sedimente dominiert. Im Süden bildet die patagonische Plattform den Grundstock für das patagonische Bergland.
Südamerika war einst ein Teil des Urkontinents Gondwana. Der Süden Südamerikas ist durch glaziale Serien quartärer Vereisungen geprägt. Geomorphologische Erscheinungen sind Gletscherseen , Moränen und glaziale Abflussformen.
Das Klima Südamerikas ist ausgesprochen komplex. Der kalte Humboldtmeeresstrom bewirkt ein Abkühlen der Meeresoberfläche vor der Küste Perus und Nordchiles, was zu der Ausbildung von Küstenwüsten führt.
Dieses Phänomen beruht auf der Tatsache, dass die abgekühlte Luft zu einer konstanten Inversion , somit zu einem stabilen Hochdruckgebiet führt, das keine Konvektion und somit keinen Niederschlag zulässt.
Die Auswirkung sind ausgedehnte Wüstenregionen an den Küsten. Die äquatoriale Tropenlage bewirkt im Südwinter eine Ausbildung einer innertropischen Konvektionszone über der Zentralen Amazonasregion und führt zu starken Niederschlägen.
Im Sommer verlagert sie sich weiter nach Süden, somit sind die inneren Tropen durch ganzjährigen Niederschlag gekennzeichnet. Ebenfalls im Sommer bildet sich ein kontinentales Hitzetief aus, welches sehr niederschlagsreich ist.
Die südlichen Randtropen sind somit durch Süd- Sommerniederschlag geprägt. Die nördlichen Randtropen sind durch Passatstau im Osten ganzjährig hoher Niederschlag und durch kühle Meereswasser an der Küste im Norden sehr geringer Niederschlag gekennzeichnet.
Die Südpassatwinde an der Ostküste führen zu erhöhten Niederschlägen in den Küstenregionen, im Südsommer geprägt durch die Ausbildung monsunaler Ostwinde und im Südwinter durch Stauniederschläge an den Küstenregionen.
Die zyklonalen Fronten variieren in ihrer Lage im Südsommer und Südwinter. Die Zyklonalen Fronten bilden an der Anden- Luvseite des patagonischen Gebirges heftige Stauniederschläge, welche als hypermaritim bezeichnet werden können.
Diese Stauniederschläge auf der Westseite führen dazu, dass die Anden- Leeseite Patagoniens durch Trockenheit gekennzeichnet ist. Die Anden selbst haben eine weitere klimatische Unterteilung in der vertikalen Dimension.
Des Weiteren sind in den Anden Vergletscherungen vorhanden. In Patagonien gibt es eine ausgedehnte Inlandsvereisung und bis auf Meeresniveau hinunterreichende Zungengletscher.
Als klimatische Folge hebt sich somit die normal vorherrschende stabile Hochdrucksituation auf und es kommt zu einer Umkehrung der Walker-Zirkulation mit schwerwiegenden Auswirkungen durch Starkniederschläge.
Zoogeographisch gesehen gehört Südamerika zur Neotropischen Region, die auch Mittelamerika und Westindien umfasst.
Damals bildeten sich einmalige Säugetierformen heraus, die zum Teil noch heute für Südamerika charakteristisch sind. Dazu zählen verschiedene Beuteltiere, die Gürteltiere , Ameisenbären und Faultiere.
Darüber hinaus gelangten damals auch die Rüsseltiere und Pferde nach Südamerika, die jedoch im Zuge der Quartären Aussterbewelle am Ende des Pleistozän wieder verschwanden.
War Südamerika bis vor Nach herrschender Meinung zur Besiedlung Amerikas wurde der nördliche Kontinent um ca. In Südamerika tauchen die ersten menschlichen Spuren zwischen Als älteste amerikanische Kultur gilt die Valdivia-Kultur in Ecuador im 4.
Jahrtausend v. Ab dem 2. Durch die Ankunft der spanischen Eroberer wurde das Inkareich zerschlagen. Der östliche Teil, das heutige Brasilien, wurde Portugal zugesprochen.
Panama und der Rest des Kontinents fielen an Spanien. Zahlreiche spanische und portugiesische Missionare kamen im Jahrhundert nach Südamerika und führten das Christentum ein.
Der Drang nach Unabhängigkeit nahm seitdem stetig zu. Im Süden erkämpfte sich Argentinien die Unabhängigkeit.
The country is the third largest producer of honey in the world. Sunflower plantation in Argentina. The country is the world's third largest producer of sunflower seed.
Palm plantation in Magdalena. Colombia is one of the top 5 palm oil producers in the world. Pineapple in Brazil. The country is the 3rd largest producer in the world.
Tourism has increasingly become a significant source of income for many South American countries. Historical relics, architectural and natural wonders, a diverse range of foods and culture, vibrant and colorful cities, and stunning landscapes attract millions of tourists every year to South America.
South Americans are culturally influenced by their indigenous peoples, the historic connection with the Iberian Peninsula and Africa, and waves of immigrants from around the globe.
South American nations have a rich variety of music. People on the Peruvian coast created the fine guitar and cajon duos or trios in the most mestizo mixed of South American rhythms such as the Marinera from Lima , the Tondero from Piura , the 19th century popular Creole Valse or Peruvian Valse, the soulful Arequipan Yaravi, and the early 20th century Paraguayan Guarania.
In the late 20th century, Spanish rock emerged by young hipsters influenced by British pop and American rock. Brazil has a Portuguese-language pop rock industry as well a great variety of other music genres.
In the central and western regions of Bolivia, Andean and folklore music like Diablada , Caporales and Morenada are the most representative of the country, which were originated by European, Aymara and Quechua influences.
Bahia , Brazil, is especially well known for its West African—influenced cuisine. The Paraguayan version, terere , differs from other forms of mate in that it is served cold.
Pisco is a liquor distilled from grapes in Peru and Chile. The Colombian Fernando Botero is one of the greatest exponents of painting and sculpture that continues still active and has been able to develop a recognizable style of his own.
A wide range of sports are played in the continent of South America, with football being the most popular overall, while baseball is the most popular in Venezuela.
Other sports include basketball , cycling , polo , volleyball , futsal , motorsports , rugby mostly in Argentina and Uruguay , handball , tennis , golf , field hockey , boxing and cricket.
Argentina and Uruguay have two titles each. So far four South American nations have hosted the tournament including the first edition in Uruguay The other three were Brazil , , Chile , and Argentina The first edition was held in La Paz in and the most recent took place in Santiago in South American Cricket Championship is an international limited-overs cricket tournament played since featuring national teams from South America and certain other invited sides including teams from North America, currently played annually but until was usually played every two seasons.
Due to the diversity of topography and pluviometric precipitation conditions, the region's water resources vary enormously in different areas.
In the Andes , navigation possibilities are limited, except for the Magdalena River, Lake Titicaca and the lakes of the southern regions of Chile and Argentina.
Irrigation is an important factor for agriculture from northwestern Peru to Patagonia. Most of the continent's energy is generated through hydroelectric power plants , but there is also an important share of thermoelectric and wind energy.
Brazil and Argentina are the only South American countries that generate nuclear power , each with two nuclear power plants.
In these countries signed a peaceful nuclear cooperation agreement. The Brazilian government has undertaken an ambitious program to reduce dependence on imported petroleum.
Brazil was the 10th largest oil producer in the world in , with 2. Production manages to supply the country's demand.
Brazil is one of the main world producers of hydroelectric power. In , Brazil had hydroelectric plants in operation, with an installed capacity of 98, MW, The region's installed electricity generation capacity totaled almost 42, MW, which represented about a third of Brazil's generation capacity.
The South Region owns the Itaipu Dam , which was the largest hydroelectric plant in the world for several years, until the inauguration of Three Gorges Dam in China.
It remains the second largest operating hydroelectric in the world. It has an installed generation capacity of 14 GW for 20 generating units of MW each.
Brazil's hydroelectric potential has not yet been fully exploited, so the country still has the capacity to build several renewable energy plants in its territory.
Nuclear energy is produced by two reactors at Angra. It consists of two pressurized water reactors , Angra I, with capacity of MW, connected to the power grid in , and Angra II, with capacity of 1, MW, connected in Transport in South America is basically carried out using the road mode, the most developed in the region.
There is also a considerable infrastructure of ports and airports. The railway and fluvial sector, although it has potential, is usually treated in a secondary way.
Brazil has more than 1. The two most important highways in the country are BR and BR The three most important highways in the country are Route 9 , Route 7 and Route The most important highway in the country is the Route 5 Pan-American Highway  These 4 countries are the ones with the best road infrastructure and with the largest number of double-lane highways.
Due to the Andes Mountains , Amazon River and Amazon Forest , there have always been difficulties in implementing transcontinental or bioceanic highways.
Practically the only route that existed was the one that connected Brazil to Buenos Aires, in Argentina and later to Santiago, in Chile.
However, in recent years, with the combined effort of countries, new routes have started to emerge, such as Brazil-Peru Interoceanic Highway , and a new highway between Brazil, Paraguay, northern Argentina and northern Chile Bioceanic Corridor.
There are more than 2, airports in Brazil. The country has the second largest number of airports in the world, behind only the United States.
Peru has important ports in Callao , Ilo and Matarani. The Brazilian railway network has an extension of about 30, kilometers. It's basically used for transporting ores.
It came to have about , km of rails, but the lifting of tracks and the emphasis placed on motor transport gradually reduced it.
It has four different trails and international connections with Paraguay, Bolivia, Chile, Brazil and Uruguay. Chile has almost 7, km of railways, with connections to Argentina, Bolivia and Peru.
Colombia has only about 3, km of railways. In Brazil, this transport is still underutilized: the most important waterway stretches, from an economic point of view, are found in the Southeast and South of the country.
Its full use still depends on the construction of locks, major dredging works and, mainly, of ports that allow intermodal integration.
In addition, there is the Pan-American Highway , which crosses the Andean countries from north to south, although some stretches are unfinished.
Brazil and Argentina also stand out in the road sector. The two main merchant fleets also belong to Brazil and Argentina.
The following are those of Chile, Venezuela, Peru and Colombia. The main public transport in major cities is the bus. Many cities also have a diverse system of metro and subway trains, the first of which was the Buenos Aires subte , opened Rio de Janeiro installed the first railroad of the continent in Today the city has a vast and diversified system of metropolitan trains, integrated with buses and subway.
In most of the countries with English as an official language, however, it is considered a continent ; see Americas terminology.
North America. South America. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Continent mostly in the Southern Hemisphere of Planet Earth.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. External 1—3. Internal 1—5. Main article: Geography of South America. See also: Category:Environment of South America.
Main article: History of South America. Main articles: Spanish colonization of the Americas and Portuguese colonization of the Americas.
By country or region. Opposition and resistance. See also: Slavery among the indigenous peoples of the Americas and Atlantic slave trade.
Main articles: Spanish American wars of independence and Independence of Brazil. See also: List of South American countries by population and List of sovereign states and dependent territories in South America by median age of population.
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May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Ethnic groups in South America. Their language is co-official in Bolivia and Peru.
Traditional lifestyle includes llama herding. The ethnic group is also found in Bolivia. Juris Kuna live on the Colombia — Panama border. Mapuche — live mainly in southern Chile and southwestern Argentina.
Quechuas — make up a large part of the population of Peru and Bolivia. Are diverse as an ethnic group. The Incas spoke Southern Quechua.
South American cities. Buenos Aires. Rio de Janeiro. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.
March Salmon farming in Chile. One third of all salmon sold in the world comes from the country. Copper mine in Chile. Latin America produces more than half of the world's copper.
Chilean cherries. Chile is one of the top 5 producers of sweet cherries in the world. Chilean kiwi. The country is one of the 10 largest kiwi producers in the world.
National Library , Brazil. Arya Dewaker Hindu temple, Paramaribo , Suriname. Tango show in Buenos Aires , typical Argentine dance.
Carmen Miranda , Portuguese Brazilian singer helped popularize samba internationally. Main article: Sport in South America.
South America portal Geography portal. Depending on the definition of North America-South America boundary, Panama could be classified as a transcontinental country.
Physiographically and geologically a part of South America, but geopolitically and culturally a part of North America. Biogeographically and geologically a part of Antarctica , but due to geopolitical reasons, the United Nations geoscheme has included Bouvet Island and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands in South America instead.
An isolated volcanic island on the South American Plate , Ascension Island is geologically a part of South America, but geopolitically a part of Africa.
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Archived from the original on 3 March Retrieved 21 May The World Factbook. Somehow, more than a million people squeeze life from this parched land".
National Geographic Magazine. Retrieved 18 April Archived from the original on 8 April May—June Ad Astra. Archived from the original PDF on 26 August Scientific Data.
In: Atlas Mundial. Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorlogical Laboratory. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration.
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Oxford Atlas of World History. New York: Oxford University Press, London: Macmillan, , p. Veja in Portuguese.
Archived from the original on 13 March Retrieved 16 March Based on "records for 27, voyages that set out to obtain slaves for the Americas".
Stephen Behrendt New York: Basic Civitas Books. Brasil Escola. Retrieved 27 March Latin America's Wars. Potomac Books, Inc. Archived from the original on 4 March Uppsala Conflict Data Program.
Uppsala Universitet. Osprey Publishing Ltd. BT Group. Retrieved 6 December Bibliographical Essays. Cambridge University Press.
Archived from the original on 28 January Retrieved 11 November World Bank Publications. Retrieved 24 October After the s, Hindu conversions to Christianity slowed because the status of Hinduism improved and the discrimination against Hindus diminished.
In areas where there are large percentage of Indo Guyanese residing together — Mandirs of various sizes can be found, according to the population.
Since the late s, reform movements caught the attention of many Guyanese Hindus. The most important, the Arya Samaj movement, arrived in Guyana in Arya Samaj doctrine rejects the idea of caste and the exclusive role of Brahmins as religious leaders.
The movement preaches monotheism and opposition to the use of images in worship as well as many traditional Hindu rituals.
Approximately between , and , identified themselves as Hindus in the census. In the census, it was estimated that about Hindus live in Paraguay.
They make up 0. Paraguay's ambassador to India, Mr Pappalardo, gave Punjab farmers a high opportunity to invest the country.
Later on, the community grew in number marginally until the early 80s, after which many of its members left due to the severe local economic crises and the prevailing terrorism.
Those with relatives in other Latin countries joined them. In the recent past, the size of the community has remained stable. Most members of the local Indian community are Sindhis.
They are reasonably well-off, but very few can be regarded as prosperous. Their general level of education is low. Most of them speak only their mother tongue and Spanish, with a smattering of English.
There is also here a small number of professionals from other parts of India. Residence permits are not difficult to obtain in Peru.
But citizenship is more complicated and only a small number of Indians have obtained it — not more than 10 out of a total of almost forty people.
While a few cultural activities are organized by the more enterprising people of Indian origin, in general they maintain a low profile. Considering the vast distance that separates the community from India, its interest in its country of origin is limited to major events, mainly derived from occasional browsing on the internet.
But being invariably first generation migrants, many of them do occasionally visit India. The story of Hinduism in Suriname is broadly parallel to that in Guyana.
Indian indentured labourers were sent to colonial Dutch Guiana by special arrangement between the Dutch and British. The difference is that the Netherlands' more liberal policy toward Hinduism allowed the culture to develop stronger.
Examples are the lack of a rigid caste system and the almost universal reading of Gita and Ramayan. According to the census of Suriname, Hindus constitute There are several Hindu temples in Suriname.
There are a few Yoga organizations in Uruguay , which spread Indian thought and philosophy-prominent among them are, Sivapremananda Ashram of the Divine Society.
A portion of the beach in Montevideo has been named after Mahatma Gandhi and a bust of Gandhiji installed in one of the parks along the beach.
There is a school named after him in Montevideo, a street and another school named after Republic of India.
During the oil-related high-income years of the s, there were around non-resident Indians in the country. The Indian community consisted of personnel from the petroleum and petrochemical sectors, as well as a large number of traders.
Many of them had taken their families with them to Venezuela, whether from India or elsewhere. Most of the traders belonged to the Sindhi community but there were also some people from Gujarat, Punjab and the southern Indian States.Die nördlichen und zentralen Anden bezaubern durch uralte Kulturen und gut erhaltene Barockstädte. Bislang seien in Argentinien rund Wenn Sie diese Seite bearbeiten wollen, wozu Sie natürlich herzlich eingeladen sind, versuchen Sie bitte, dabei folgende Tipps und Ziele zu beherzigen: Versuchen Sie, das optische Erscheinungsbild der Seite zu erhalten oder auch zu verbessern, wenn Sie eine Graciano Rocchigiani 2021 Idee haben.